2nd Keynote Speaker:
International Institute for Integral Innovation, Köln, Germany
Reasons: Mobility is about the reach, the distance.
Along the time and across the civilizations, the human mobility was determined by the fitness or by carriers with an additional volume. However these external platforms have been: other humans or animals, palanquins or rickshaws, carriages or motorized cars, they always required a surface for the stand by time, “the parking place”.
The situation grew dramatically with the multiuser and heavy duty motor vehicles, which grew from 980 millions in 2009 to 1015 millions in 2010 and since then shows a growth rate of more than 35 millions vehicles an year. In order to figure out one billion cars, just remember, that a parking lot needs a fairly large space, around 25 square meters, this is just 40 000 cars / sq.km. One billion cars needs hence a neat 25 000 sq km, roughly the surface of Belgium and is growing by 1000 sq km every year. More scaring is the stationary image of this huge surface for most of the time, as a car is used in average just 200 hours an year. All these figures show, the need to focus on a different way of increasing the reach, without “ parking fall out “ on the street..
The practice in this respect shows three main options:
A different approach :
An other option is the shared use with minimal footprint in parking position, which we have dedicated a special attention in the project bus-bank. Many urban areas have rails for street cars or the peripheral rail system. The problem are the stations, which are bottle necks, supposed to be reached and the trains, which have their own schedule and the inconveniences of mass transportation. But the rails have the major advantage of a smooth ride on a metal track, which can transport information and energy.
This features would help overcome the disadvantages inherent to electrical cars and open a new dimension to the urban mobility. In our solution we are considering the “parking zero” criteria, reducing occupied surface in stand by foldability and sharing the use.
Author of the Integral Innovation Theory, International expert for Innovation Consulting and Think Tank moderator, Key Note speaker, Professor for Integral Innovation, Head of danubius Academic Consortium (academic network for Integral Innovation), Director of the International Institute for Integral Innovation 4 i.